The latest books published on globalization raise interesting issues which reflect upon the very complexity of the process we are facing. In The Great Convergence: Information Technology and the New Globalization Richard Baldwin proposes a history of globalization divided into two stages. As Baldwin argues, the process of globalization has to be divided into “old” and “new” age. The “old” globalization took place between 1820 and 1990. It was characterized by the “great divergence”, that is by the centralization of world income in today’s wealthy nations. However, since 1990 the sharing of world income has plummeted to where it was in 1900. According to Baldwin, this reversal of fortune is a symptom of a shift in the globalization process. The “new” globalization, driven by information technology, has combined high tech with low wages, and lead simultaneously to the industrialization of developing nations and deindustrialization of developed ones. This is the “great convergence”: in the “new” globalization rich and developing nations are alike and they face equal global challenges.
Nevertheless, regardless of its “new” or “old” shape, globalization has not defeated social and economic inequalities in the world. On the contrary, some scholars argue that they are still increasing, due to globalization. For instance, Roland Guillon asserts that globalization caused ruptures in the social relations (Pour une autre globalisation. Essai de géopolitique des rapports sociaux). Therefore, he aims for an alternative globalization focused on transnational cooperation projects rather than identity politics and competition between national economies. Similarly, Christian Cauvin argues that there exists only one way to succeed against global threats such as poverty, scarcity of natural resources, global warming and economic inequalities. That is an alternative globalization of peoples and cultures, as Cauvin affirms in his essay Au-delà de la mondialisation. Costruire le monde de demain.
With regard to global threats, Fred Dallmayr’s Against Apocalypse: Recovering Humanity’s Wholeness offers a very interesting analysis and, perhaps, a possible solution. Humankind is facing a global war and nuclear destruction, Dallmayr argues, and the responsibilities for such a danger lie in the irresponsible recklessness of some geopolitical agendas. Thus, humankind has to wake up, stand up against this rush to destruction and quest for peace. Dallmayr’s essay is a call to a global public responsibility based on humanity’s acknowledgment of the world as a “whole”.
However, the global level by itself cannot fully explain neither our world nor the globalization process. On the contrary, the global sphere always relates to a local one. Victor Roudometof maintains that, despite its importance, the concept of “glocal” has never been examined carefully. Roudometof’s book Glocalization: A Critical Introduction specifically aims at fill this lack offering an unambiguous definition both theoretically and methodologically of the concepts of “global”, “local” and “glocal”. The concept of “glocal” will benefit from such clarification, for in the social sciences it will acquire the autonomous status it deserves.
A. Alonso Alonso, F. Roa Castel (eds.) (2016), Las dos caras de la globalización: más cercanos, pero no más hermanos (Salamanca: BAC).
S. Andrieu, E. Olivier (eds.) (2016), Création artistique et imaginaires de la globalisation (Paris: Éditions Hermann).
A. Appadurai (2016), Banking on words: the failure of language in the age of derivative finance (Chicago-London: The University of Chicago Press).
R. Baldwin (2016), The Great Convergence. Information Technology and the New Globalization (Cambridge: Harvard University press).
C. Banpasirichote Wungaeo, B. Rehbein, S. Wun’gaeo (eds.) (2016), Globalization and Democracy in Southeast Asia. Channleges, Responses and Alternative Futures (London: Palgrave).
Z. Bauman (2016), Strangers at our door (Cambridge: Polity Press).
U. Beck (2016), The Metamorphosis of the World: How Climate Change is Transforming Our Concept of the World (Cambridge: Polity Press).
T. Bonacker, J. von Heusinger, K. Zimmer (eds.) (2017), Localization in Development Aid. How Global Institutions enter Local Lifewordls (London: Routledge).
C. Cauvin (2016), Au-delà de la mondialisation. Costruire le monde de demain (Paris: Harmattan).
F. Chesnais (2016), Finance Capital Today. Corporations and Banks in the Lasting Global Slump (Leiden, Boston: Brill).
B.J. Christensen, C. Kowalczkyk (eds.) (2016), Globalization. Strategies and Effects (Berlin, New York: Springer).
S. Curtis (2016), Global Cities and Global Order (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
F. Dallymar (2016), Against Apocalypse: Recovering Humanity's Wholeness (Lenham: Lexington Books).
P.M. Defarges (2016), La mondialisation (Paris: Presses universitaires de France).
S. Elchow (2017), Negotiations of the «New World». The Omnipresence of «Global» as a Political Phenomenon (Bielfeld: Transcript Verlag).
O. Ette (2016), TransArea. A Literary History of Globalization (Berlin: De Gruyter).
L. Francot (2016), Anarchy in the System. Law and Power in a Global World (London: Routledge).
G. Gollerkeri, N. Chhabra (2016), Migration Matters: Mobility in a Globalizing World (New Delhi: Oxford University Press).
R. Guillon (2016), Pour une autre globalisation. Essai de géopolitique des rapports sociaux (Paris: Harmattan).
M. Gutekunst, A. Hackl, S. Leoncini, J.S. Schwarz, I. Götz (eds.) (2016), Bounded Mobilities. Ethnographic Perspectives on Social Hierarchies and Global Inequalities (Bielfeld: Transcript Verlag).
B. Harrington (2016), Capital without Borders (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).
J. Harrys (2016), Global Capitalism and the Crisis of Democracy (Atlanta: Clarity Press).
P. Huebener, S. O’Brien, T. Porter, L. Stockdale, Y. Rachel Zhou (eds.) (2017), Time, Globalization and Human Experience (London: Routledge).
D. Innerarity (2016), Governance in the New Global Disorder: Politics for a Post-Sovereign Society (New York: Columbia University Press).
R. Jones (2016), Violent Borders. Refugees and the Right to Move (London: Verso Books).
I. Langram, T. Birk (eds.) (2017), Globalization and Global Citizenship. Interdisciplinary Approaches (London: Routledge).
D.H.L. Lee (2017), Managing Chineseness. Identity and Ethnic Management in Singapore (London: Palgrave).
L. Lees, H.B. Shin, E. López-Morales (2016), Planetary Gentrification (Cambridge: Polity Press).
S. Lindberg (2016), Le monde défait. L’être au monde aujourd’hui (Paris: Éditions Hermann).
M. Marìn Salamero (2016), Globalización y movimientos migratorios (Barcelona: Editorial de la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya).
P. McMichael (2016; 6th edition), Development and Social Change. A Global Perspective (New York: Sage).
B. Milanovic (2016), Global Inequality: A New Approach for the Age of Globalization (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).
P. Mörtenböck, H. Mooshammer (2016), Andere Märkte. Zur Architektur der informellen Ökonomie (Bielfeld: Transcript Verlag).
E. Peeren, H. Stuit, A. Van Weyenberg (eds.) (2016), Peripheral Visions in The Globalizing Present. Space, Mobility, Aesthetics (Leiden, Boston: Brill).
T. Plümer, E. Steinfatt (2016), Produktions und Logistikmanagement (Berlin: De Gruyter).
J. Raflik (2016), Terrorisme et mondialisation (Paris: Gallimard).
V. Roudometof (2016), Glocalization: A Critical Introduction (London: Routledge).
J.A. Scholte, L. Fioramonti, A.G. Nhema (eds.) (2016), New Rules for Global Justice: Structural Redistribution in the Global Economy (London: Rowman & Littlefield International).
E. Sheppard (2016), Limits to Globalization. The Disruptive Geographies of Capitalist Development (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
I. Taylor (2017), Global Governance and Transnationalizing Capitalist Hegemony. The Myth of the “Emerging Powers” (London: Routledge).
D.C. Ulrich (2016), Die Chimäre einer Globalen Öffentlichkeit. Internationale Medienberichterstattung und die Legitimationskrise der Vereinten Nationen (Bielfeld: Transcript Verlag).
J. Vowles, G. Xezonakis (eds.) (2016), Globalization and Domestic Politics. Parties, Elections, and Public Opinion (Oxford: Oxford University Press).