Ayat Ismail is currently a PhD Fellow in Cosmopolis (Centre for Urban Research), in the Vrije Univesieit Brussel (VUB), Belgium. Ismail’s work focuses on planning and design theories, urban change, neighbourhood effect, new urbanism, and landscape architecture. Generally speaking she is fascinated by anything that affects the city. She received her B.Sc. and M.Sc. from the Department of Urban Planning and Design, Ain Shams University (ASU), Egypt, and eventually earned her spot as a Researcher and Assistant Lecturer in the same Department. After her MSc., she decided to move to the capital of Europe, Brussels, Belgium in pursuit of her Doctoral Degree, where she was offered a Scholarship as a Phd Fellow at the VUB. In addition to her teaching at ASU and research contributions at the VUB, Ayat, has also been involved on a more practical level with several planning and design firms. She is currently residing in Brussels with her family.