In a world where the need for international cooperation has never been greater, globalisation is generating communities that are not modelled on the traditional criteria of national identification and belonging. In addition, the relation between Nation and State is becoming problematic also because, as David Held points out, the efficiency of institutionalized multilateral cooperation has stalled due to rising multipolarity, more difficult problems, institutional inertia and institutional fragmentation. In several ways, even the European Union is exemplifying this “gridlock”. Since the European Union is an unfinished project, it might be necessary to affirm the policy of interests with a policy of identity which re-emphasizes the political project of European unification alongside distinct national identities, that in turn, as Martinelli underlines in his essay, refers to loyalty and a shared commitment to cultural values such as: fundamental human rights, civil liberties, democratic political institutions, rule of law, freedom of movement of people, goods and capital, social justice and non-violent resolution of conflicts.
In this issue of “Glocalism”, there are several case studies of new global identities and communities that seem to challenge the evermore formal role played by political institutions, whose inefficiency is so relevant as to generate both a global “gridlock” and the EU crisis already mentioned. On one hand, there is the example of African refugees in Israel who seek to become a part of the Israeli collective by adopting commodity and consumption patterns and what they perceive to be the attributes of the desired lifestyle in the host country. On the other hand, in Europe (where Germany has the highest number of immigrants) even though there are hints of a partial disintegration of the fault lines between immigrants’ self and what they perceive as “German”, it seems that there is an emergence of a new inclusive narrative of “Germaneness”.